Evaluation of hydrogen production by Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001 and its hupSL deficient mutant using acetate and malate as carbon sources

Gökhan Kars, Ufuk Gündüz, Meral Yücel, Gabor Rakhely, Kornel L. Kovacs, Inci Eroǧlu

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Abstract

Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001 is one of the candidates for photobiological hydrogen production among purple non-sulfur bacteria. Hydrogen is produced by Mo-nitrogenase from organic acids such as malate or lactate. A hupSL in frame deletion mutant strain was constructed without using any antibiotic resistance gene. The hydrogen production potential of the R. sphaeroides O.U.001 and its newly constructed hupSL deleted mutant strain in acetate media was evaluated and compared with malate containing media. The hupSL- R. sphaeroides produced 2.42 l H2/l culture and 0.25 l H2/l culture in 15 mM malate and 30 mM acetate containing media, respectively, as compared to the wild type cells which evolved 1.97 l H2/l culture and 0.21 l H2/l culture in malate and acetate containing media, correspondingly. According to the results, hupSL- R. sphaeroides is a better hydrogen producer but acetate alone does not seem to be an efficient carbon source for photoheterotrophic H2 production by R. sphaeroides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2184-2190
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Acetate
  • Biohydrogen
  • Malate
  • Rhodobacter sphaeroides
  • Uptake hydrogenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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