Evaluation of affective temperaments and arterial stiffness in different hypertension phenotypes

Beáta Kőrӧsi, Helga Gyӧngyӧsi, Dóra Batta, Andrea László, Illés Kovács, A. Tislér, Orsolya Cseprekál, Zsófia Nemcsik-Bencze, X. Gonda, Zoltán Rihmer, János Nemcsik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Affective temperaments (depressive, anxious, irritable, hyperthymic, and cyclothymic) are stable parts of personality and describe emotional reactivity to external stimuli. Their relation to psychopathological conditions is obvious, but less data are available on their relationship with cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate affective temperaments and hemodynamic and arterial stiffness parameters in healthy subjects (Cont), in white-coat hypertensive (WhHT) patients, and in non-resistant (non-ResHT) and resistant hypertensive (ResHT) patients. In this cross-sectional study, 363 patients were included: 82 Cont, 44 WhHT, 200 non-ResHT, and 37 ResHT. The patients completed the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A), and arterial stiffness was examined with tonometry (PulsePen). Significant differences were found between the Cont, WhHT, non-ResHT and ResHT groups in pulse wave velocity (7.76 ± 0.96, 8.13 ± 1.39, 8.98 ± 1.25, and 10.18 ± 1.18 m/s, respectively, p < 0.05 between Cont and non-ResHT/ResHT; p < 0.05 between non-ResHT and ResHT). Cyclothymic affective temperament points (4 (2.25–8)) were higher (p < 0.05) in the ResHT group than in the Cont (2 (0–5)) and non-ResHT (3 (1–5)) groups. The cyclothymic temperament points of the WhHT group (4 (2–7)) were also higher than those in the Cont group. ResHT was independently associated with a cyclothymic scale score above 6 (beta = 2.59 (95% CI: 1.16–5.77)), an irritable scale score above 7 (beta = 3.17 (95% CI: 1.3–7.69)) and an anxious scale score above 9 (beta = 2.57 (95% CI: 1.08–6.13)) points. WhHT was also independently associated with cyclothymic scale scores above 6 points (beta = 2.378, 95% CI: 1.178–4.802). In conclusion, white-coat and ResHT patients have specific affective temperament patterns, and the evaluation of these patterns can help to understand the psychopathological background of these conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHypertension Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Affective temperaments
  • Arterial stiffness
  • Resistant hypertension
  • White-coat hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Kőrӧsi, B., Gyӧngyӧsi, H., Batta, D., László, A., Kovács, I., Tislér, A., Cseprekál, O., Nemcsik-Bencze, Z., Gonda, X., Rihmer, Z., & Nemcsik, J. (Accepted/In press). Evaluation of affective temperaments and arterial stiffness in different hypertension phenotypes. Hypertension Research. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41440-020-0513-2