Eutrophication of Lakes and Reservoirs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

36 Citations (Scopus)


Eutrophication is caused by enrichment of waters with excess plant nutrients, which leads to enhanced vegetation growth. Abundant plant growth produces an undesirable disturbance to the balance of organisms and the quality of water. Various structural and functional changes accompany both eutrophication and its reversal, oligotrophication. Because of threshold effects and delayed responses, these changes are typically nonlinear, and alternative stable states may prevail in a wide range of external nutrient loads. Eutrophication can partly or fully be reversed by reducing nutrient loads. Reversal, however, may require a long time and thus, several methods have been elaborated that aim at enhancing oligotrophication by manipulating biotic interactions within the aquatic ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Inland Waters
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9780123706263
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009


  • Compositional changes
  • Consumers
  • Cyanobacteria
  • Eutrophication
  • Oligotrophication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Eutrophication of Lakes and Reservoirs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Istvánovics, V. (2009). Eutrophication of Lakes and Reservoirs. In Encyclopedia of Inland Waters (pp. 157-165). Elsevier Inc..