During urban way of living the balance of the three maintaining factors of the normal live weight, namely the intensity of basal metabolism, physical activity and energy intake get upset, and the animal grows fat. The degree of overweight, besides weighing can be evaluated by condition scoring and if possible, by the evaluation of the total body composition, using body mass index or DXA-measurement. The generally accepted design of the slimming diet is of cyclic-periodic nature. First a target body weight should be set, according to the breed standard. Calculating the maintenance energy requirement of this target live weight (LW) is calculated, and the 60% of it is given for two-three weeks. This reduced daily energy needs can be calculated using the following equations: 0.523×0.6=0.314 MJ ME/W0.75 for dogs and 0.285×0.6= 0.171 MJ ME/kg of LW for cats. The corresponding quantity of feed is given for 2 weeks and, for the purpose of liver regeneration, the feed appropriate to 100% for the next 2 weeks. It may last even for half a year but the chance of hepatic lipidosis is decreased. For the diet the best is dog or cat food from which many are commercially available. Veterinary supervision is essential. After reaching the optimal condition the task is keeping it. For this purpose the author gives the following advices: keeping the daily proportion accurately, giving feed of high ballast ratio. At the end the author briefly present the available therapeutic opportunities.
|Translated title of the contribution||Etiology, evaluation and dietary treatment of overweight and obesity. Literature review|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 28 2008|
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