Ethanol dehydration by pervaporation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, there was increased interest in the use of pervaporation membrane separation techniques for the selective separation of organic liquid mixtures because of the high separation efficiency coupled with potential savings in energy costs. The influence of the feed composition on ethanol dehydration by pervaporation is discussed in this study. The dehydration of ethanol-water mixture was carried out in a laboratory pervaporation unit with 110 cm2 active surface by using different water permselective membranes (GFT-2000, CMC-CA-01, CMC-CE- 02). The experiments were performed at constant temperature (65 °C), flow rate (0.11 m s-1), permeate side vacuum (30 mbar) and the initial concentration of the feed mixture (80 wt% ethanol). The permeate flux, the ethanol and water content in the permeate and in the concentrate fractions were measured during the experimental runs. Based on these measurements the pervaporation characteristics were determined: if there was an increase in the feed concentration, the permeate flux and the pervaporation separation index decreased, while the pennselectivity and the separation factor increased. Comparing the separation behaviours of the membranes it was found that all the three types of membrane are suitable for ethanol dehydration by pervaporation and high concentration (99.64 wt%) ethanol product can be achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-147
Number of pages5
JournalHungarian Journal of Industrial Chemistry
Volume27
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Pervaporation
Dehydration
Ethanol
Membranes
Permselective membranes
Fluxes
Water
Water content
Flow rate
Vacuum
Liquids
Chemical analysis
Costs
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ethanol dehydration by pervaporation. / Atra, R.; Vatai, G.; Békássy-Molnár, E.

In: Hungarian Journal of Industrial Chemistry, Vol. 27, No. 2, 1999, p. 143-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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