The extensive metabolism of estrogen hormones, where oxidized forms, structural isomers and conjugated products appear in many tissues locally as well as in systemic circulation, is believed to be associated with a number of diseases. Targeted estrogen metabolomic studies have been largely associated with postmenopausal, malignant advert immune conditions. Although the role of estriol in maintaining pregnancy and the biological activity of estrogen metabolites is known, a relatively small number of publications have addressed the formation and transformation of these compounds during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to present in detail the formation and progression of estrogen metabolites during pregnancy and to summarize the knowledge of their role in undesirable processes occurring during gestation.
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