Estimation of the number of biophotons involved in the visual perception of a single-object image

Biophoton intensity can be considerably higher inside cells than outside

I. Bókkon, V. Salari, J. A. Tuszynski, I. Antal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, we have proposed a redox molecular hypothesis about the natural biophysical substrate of visual perception and imagery [1,6]. Namely, the retina transforms external photon signals into electrical signals that are carried to the V1 (striate cortex). Then, V1 retinotopic electrical signals (spike-related electrical signals along classical axonal-dendritic pathways) can be converted into regulated ultraweak bioluminescent photons (biophotons) through redox processes within retinotopic visual neurons that make it possible to create intrinsic biophysical pictures during visual perception and imagery. However, the consensus opinion is to consider biophotons as by-products of cellular metabolism. This paper argues that biophotons are not by-products, other than originating from regulated cellular radical/redox processes. It also shows that the biophoton intensity can be considerably higher inside cells than outside. Our simple calculations, within a level of accuracy, suggest that the real biophoton intensity in retinotopic neurons may be sufficient for creating intrinsic biophysical picture representation of a single-object image during visual perception.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-166
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, B: Biology
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Fingerprint

Visual Perception
visual perception
Photons
photons
cells
Oxidation-Reduction
Imagery (Psychotherapy)
neurons
imagery
Neurons
retina
cortexes
metabolism
Visual Cortex
spikes
Retina
Consensus

Keywords

  • Biophotons
  • Biophysical picture representation
  • Free radicals
  • Mitochondria
  • Neurons
  • Visual perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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