Estimation of the explosive boiling limit of metastable liquids

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


Condensed matters (liquids, glasses and solids) can be overheated or stretched only up to a limit. Within mean-field approximation, this limit is the so-called spinodal. This is the final limit for overheating, and therefore it is a very important quantity for safety calculations wherever high pressure- high temperature liquids are involved. In temperature-pressure space the spinodal is represented by a curve, starting from the liquid-vapour critical point and decreasing with decreasing temperatures down to the negative pressure region. The determination of the spinodal is a very difficult theoretical and a more-or-less impossible experimental task. By extrapolating chosen quantities, one might get the so-called pseudo-spinodal, a limit close to the real one. Based on a recently developed method, the pseudo-spinodal pressure (for given temperature) of water and helium-3 are determined, using liquid-vapour surface tension, interface thickness and vapour pressure data. The method is already proven to be valid for Lennard-Jones argon (a simple fluid), for carbon-dioxide (a molecular fluid), for helium-4 (a quantum fluid), and the Shan-Chen fluid (a mesoscopic fluid).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMetastable Systems under Pressure
EditorsSylwester Rzoska, Aleksandra Drozd-Rzoska, Victor Mazur
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2010

Publication series

NameNATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology
ISSN (Print)1874-6489



  • Explosive boiling
  • Metastability
  • Overheating
  • Spinodal
  • Stability limit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Imre, A. R., Házi, G., & Kraska, T. (2010). Estimation of the explosive boiling limit of metastable liquids. In S. Rzoska, A. Drozd-Rzoska, & V. Mazur (Eds.), Metastable Systems under Pressure (pp. 271-278). (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology).