Estimation of spinodals from the density profile of the vapor-liquid interface

A. Imre, T. Kraska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An extension of a recently proposed method for the calculation of the spinodals in pure fluid systems from the interfacial properties is elaborated, which requires the density profile as only input. The foundation of this approach is the so-called Fuchs-transformation which gives an estimate for the tangential pressure profile from the density profile. Using molecular dynamics simulation data for argon and carbon dioxide as well as lattice Boltzmann simulation data for the argon-like Shan-Chen fluid, the accuracy of the approach is analyzed. The Fuchs-transformation is qualitative, however it is possible to estimate the temperature-density projection of the spinodal. Depending on the underlying correlation function for the interfacial density profile reasonable results are obtained for the liquid and the vapor spinodal. The advantage of this method is that equilibrium data can be used to estimate the spinodal which is experimentally impossible to access because it is a highly non-equilibrium property. In the final consequence of this approach only the coexistence vapor and liquid densities are required to estimate the temperature-density projection of the spinodals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume284
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2009

Fingerprint

liquid-vapor interfaces
Argon
Vapors
Density of liquids
Density of gases
Fluids
Liquids
profiles
Carbon Dioxide
Density (specific gravity)
Molecular dynamics
Carbon dioxide
data simulation
estimates
Temperature
Computer simulation
projection
argon
vapors
fluids

Keywords

  • Explosive boiling
  • Limit of overheating
  • Pressure tensor
  • Stability limits
  • Surface tension
  • Vapor-liquid interface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Estimation of spinodals from the density profile of the vapor-liquid interface. / Imre, A.; Kraska, T.

In: Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 284, No. 1, 15.10.2009, p. 31-37.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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