Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents: the HELENA study

Ratih Wirapuspita Wisnuwardani, Stefaan De Henauw, Odysseas Androutsos, Maria Forsner, Frédéric Gottrand, Inge Huybrechts, Viktoria Knaze, Mathilde Kersting, Cinzia Le Donne, Ascensión Marcos, D. Molnár, Joseph A. Rothwell, Augustin Scalbert, Michael Sjöström, Kurt Widhalm, Luis A. Moreno, Nathalie Michels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Knowledge about polyphenols intakes and their determinants among adolescents might be helpful for planning targeted prevention strategies at an early age. Methods: In the European multicenter cross-sectional HELENA study of 2006–2007, 2428 subjects (47% boys) had data on dietary intake of polyphenols from 2 non-consecutive 24 h recalls via linking with the Phenol-Explorer database. Differences by sex, age, country, BMI, maternal education, paternal education, family affluence, smoking status, alcohol use, and physical activity were explored by linear regression. Results: Median, lower and upper quartiles of polyphenol intakes were 326, 167 and 564 mg/day, respectively. Polyphenol intake was significantly higher in the oldest (16–17.49 years), girls, non-Mediterranean countries, lowest BMI, highest paternal education, and alcohol consumers. Main food contributors were fruit (23%, mainly apple and pear, i.e., 16.3%); chocolate products (19.2%); and fruit and vegetable juices (15.6%). Main polyphenol classes were flavonoids (75–76% of total) and phenolic acids (17–19% of total). The three most consumed polyphenols were proanthocyanidin polymers (> 10 mers), hesperidin, and proanthocyanidin 4–6 oligomers. Conclusion: The current study provided for the first time numbers on the total polyphenol intake and their main food sources in a heterogeneous group of European adolescents. Major differences with adult populations are the lower polyphenol consumption and the major food sources, such as chocolate and biscuits. The discussed determinants and polyphenol types already point to some important population groups that need to be targeted in future public health initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Polyphenols
Education
Food
Alcohols
Hesperidin
Pyrus
Malus
Phenol
Population Groups
Flavonoids
Sex Characteristics
Linear Models
Fruit
Polymers
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Mothers
Databases
Exercise

Keywords

  • Consumption
  • Determinants
  • Food contributors
  • HELENA
  • Mediterranean
  • Polyphenol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Wisnuwardani, R. W., De Henauw, S., Androutsos, O., Forsner, M., Gottrand, F., Huybrechts, I., ... Michels, N. (Accepted/In press). Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents: the HELENA study. European Journal of Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1787-x

Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents : the HELENA study. / Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita; De Henauw, Stefaan; Androutsos, Odysseas; Forsner, Maria; Gottrand, Frédéric; Huybrechts, Inge; Knaze, Viktoria; Kersting, Mathilde; Le Donne, Cinzia; Marcos, Ascensión; Molnár, D.; Rothwell, Joseph A.; Scalbert, Augustin; Sjöström, Michael; Widhalm, Kurt; Moreno, Luis A.; Michels, Nathalie.

In: European Journal of Nutrition, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wisnuwardani, RW, De Henauw, S, Androutsos, O, Forsner, M, Gottrand, F, Huybrechts, I, Knaze, V, Kersting, M, Le Donne, C, Marcos, A, Molnár, D, Rothwell, JA, Scalbert, A, Sjöström, M, Widhalm, K, Moreno, LA & Michels, N 2018, 'Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents: the HELENA study', European Journal of Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1787-x
Wisnuwardani RW, De Henauw S, Androutsos O, Forsner M, Gottrand F, Huybrechts I et al. Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents: the HELENA study. European Journal of Nutrition. 2018 Jan 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1787-x
Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita ; De Henauw, Stefaan ; Androutsos, Odysseas ; Forsner, Maria ; Gottrand, Frédéric ; Huybrechts, Inge ; Knaze, Viktoria ; Kersting, Mathilde ; Le Donne, Cinzia ; Marcos, Ascensión ; Molnár, D. ; Rothwell, Joseph A. ; Scalbert, Augustin ; Sjöström, Michael ; Widhalm, Kurt ; Moreno, Luis A. ; Michels, Nathalie. / Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents : the HELENA study. In: European Journal of Nutrition. 2018.
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abstract = "Purpose: Knowledge about polyphenols intakes and their determinants among adolescents might be helpful for planning targeted prevention strategies at an early age. Methods: In the European multicenter cross-sectional HELENA study of 2006–2007, 2428 subjects (47{\%} boys) had data on dietary intake of polyphenols from 2 non-consecutive 24 h recalls via linking with the Phenol-Explorer database. Differences by sex, age, country, BMI, maternal education, paternal education, family affluence, smoking status, alcohol use, and physical activity were explored by linear regression. Results: Median, lower and upper quartiles of polyphenol intakes were 326, 167 and 564 mg/day, respectively. Polyphenol intake was significantly higher in the oldest (16–17.49 years), girls, non-Mediterranean countries, lowest BMI, highest paternal education, and alcohol consumers. Main food contributors were fruit (23{\%}, mainly apple and pear, i.e., 16.3{\%}); chocolate products (19.2{\%}); and fruit and vegetable juices (15.6{\%}). Main polyphenol classes were flavonoids (75–76{\%} of total) and phenolic acids (17–19{\%} of total). The three most consumed polyphenols were proanthocyanidin polymers (> 10 mers), hesperidin, and proanthocyanidin 4–6 oligomers. Conclusion: The current study provided for the first time numbers on the total polyphenol intake and their main food sources in a heterogeneous group of European adolescents. Major differences with adult populations are the lower polyphenol consumption and the major food sources, such as chocolate and biscuits. The discussed determinants and polyphenol types already point to some important population groups that need to be targeted in future public health initiatives.",
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AU - Gottrand, Frédéric

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