When the carnitine pool of fed rats was labelled with tritium, in non‐recirculating perfusate of their liver 44% of acid‐soluble 3H activity was identified as free carnitine and 47% as short‐chain acylcarnitine. Of the latter component acetylcarnitine accounted for 30% and propionylcarnitine for 10% of total acid‐soluble. In plasma the contribution of short‐chain acylcarnitines to total carnitine in fed, fasted and diabetic rats was 15.6%, 43.1% and 48.0%, respectively. Recirculating perfusion of livers from the same animals revealed that livers from fed rats released short‐chain acylcarnitines as much as 56.2% of total and this proportion did not increase further in the other two groups. At the same time, ketone bodies in the perfusate increased gradually in the fed, fasted and diabetic group, paralleling the plasma ketone levels. Although liver supplies the organism with carnitine the increment of plasma short‐chain acylcarnitines seen in ketosis is not a result of some extra output by the liver.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1987|
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