Essential oil composition of three cultivated Thymus chemotypes from Hungary

G. Horváth, László Gy Szabó, Éva Héthelyi, E. Lemberkovics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The essential oils of three Hungarian cultivated thymes (Thymus vulgarts L., Thymus × citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb, Thymus × citriodorus "archer's gold") were obtained by steam distillation of air-dried plant materials and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Three different chemotypes were found. In the oil of T. vulgarts thymol (45.6%), in T. × citriodorus geraniol (39.2%) and in T. × citriodorus, "archer's gold," carvacrol (43.5%) was the main component. Among the other constituents, p-cymene, β-caryophyllene, geranial, 1,8-cineole and γ-terpinene were characterized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-317
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Essential Oil Research
Volume18
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2006

Fingerprint

Thymus citriodorus
Thymus (Lamiaceae)
Thymus
Hungary
chemotypes
Volatile Oils
Thymus Gland
essential oils
citral
Gold
Chemical analysis
gold
Thymol
Distillation
Steam
geranial
p-cymene
geraniol
carvacrol
thymol

Keywords

  • Carvacrol
  • Essential oil composition
  • Geraniol
  • Lamiaceae
  • Thymol
  • Thymus × citriodorus
  • Thymus × citriodorus "archer's gold,"
  • Thymus vulgaris

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Essential oil composition of three cultivated Thymus chemotypes from Hungary. / Horváth, G.; Szabó, László Gy; Héthelyi, Éva; Lemberkovics, E.

In: Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol. 18, No. 3, 05.2006, p. 315-317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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