The weak and strong ergodic properties of nonautonomous linear ordinary differential equations are considered. It is shown that if the coefficient matrix function is bounded, essentially nonnegative and uniformly irreducible, then the normalized positive solutions are asymptotically equivalent to the Perron vectors of the strongly positive transition matrix at infinity (weak ergodicity). If, in addition, the coefficient matrix function is uniformly continuous, then the convergence of the normalized positive solutions to the same strongly positive limiting vector (strong ergodicity) is equivalent to the convergence of the Perron vectors of the coefficient matrices.
- Hilbert's projective metric
- Ordinary differential equation
- Perron–Frobenius theory
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics