Eradication of the different infectious diseases from cattle herds is important for both animal health and economical reasons. After the second World War the most important task was to restrict spreading of foot and mouth disease, this was followed by eradication of bovine tuberculosis, brucellosis, later enzootic bovine leukosis, whereas, at present eradication of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) and bovine virus diarrhoea (BVD) is on the agenda. Foot and mouth disease was succesfully restricted end finally eradicated by oficial measures and wide ranging preventive vaccination of cattle herds. Since 1992 non-vaccination policy has been existing. Since 1973 Hungary has been free of foot and mouth disease. Bovine tuberculosis was eradicated by 1980 and bovine brucellosis by 1985. Eradication of enzootic bovine leukosis can be finished within a year, according to the latest serological survey, still there are about twenty thousand infected cows in the breeding herds. IBR and BVD is widely present, in large scale cattle herds the rate of infection is over 80%. The rules of eradication have been laid down, the relating decree, governing IBR eradication has been issued. Depending upon the extent of financial support, eradication of IBR and BVD will take at least ten years.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2002|
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