Equivalence of the microscopic and macroscopic models of chromatography: Stochastic-dispersive versus lumped kinetic model

A. Felinger, Alberto Cavazzini, Francesco Dondi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The microscopic model of chromatography is a stochastic model that consists of two fundamental processes: (i) the random migration of the molecules in the mobile phase, and (ii) the random adsorption-desorption of molecules on the stationary phase contained in a chromatographic column. The diffusion and drift of the molecules in the mobile phase is described with a simple one-dimensional random walk. The adsorption-desorption process is modeled by a Poisson process that assumes exponential sojourn times of the molecules in both the mobile and the stationary phases. The microscopic, or molecular model of chromatography studied here turns out to be identical to the macroscopic lumped kinetic model of chromatography, whose solution is well known in chromatography. A complete equivalence of the two models is established via the identical expressions they provide for the band profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume1043
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 23 2004

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Chromatography
Molecules
Kinetics
Adsorption
Desorption
Molecular Models
Stochastic models

Keywords

  • Adsorption-desorption kinetics
  • Characteristic function
  • Chromatographic models
  • Lumped kinetic model
  • Stochastic-dispersive model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

Equivalence of the microscopic and macroscopic models of chromatography : Stochastic-dispersive versus lumped kinetic model. / Felinger, A.; Cavazzini, Alberto; Dondi, Francesco.

In: Journal of Chromatography A, Vol. 1043, No. 2, 23.07.2004, p. 149-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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