The copper(II)-3-pyridylmethanol (L) system was investigated in aqueous solution by two-dimensional ESR evaluation at 298 K, and computer simulation of the individual anisotropic spectra at 77 K. The data revealed that the paramagnetic copper(II) complexes [CuL]2+, [CuL2] 2+, [CuL3]2+, and [CuL4] 2+ are formed up to pH ≈ 7 at a moderate or high excess of ligand. As compared with chelating ligands, two differences were observed for the complexation of 3-pyridylmethanol with copper(II): (1) In contrast with the well-resolved spectra in frozen solution, considerable line-broadening and distortion of the spectral shapes were seen at 298 K, which was interpreted in terms of isomeric equilibria and the medium-rate interconversion of various complexes on the ESR time-scale. (2) At low temperature, there were dramatic changes in the concentration distribution, the minor complexes with higher numbers of coordinating ligands ([CuL3]2+ and in particular [CuL4)2+) becoming strongly favored. This phenomenon is explained by the significant differences in the formation enthalpy values of various species, shifting the equilibria according to the van't Hoff equation, and a significant undercooling in the course of fast freezing of the solution, which enhances the changes of the concentration distribution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry