Opinions highly differ concerning the nosological classification and the clinical importance of dysthymic disorder. As a part of a national survey aimed to assess the prevalence rates of anxiety- and affective disorders, the prevalence rates, sociodemographic characteristics, symptomatology and comorbidity of dysthymia were investigated in a sample of Hungarian adult population. The lifetime (4.5%), 1-year (0.8%) and 1-month prevalence rates (0.5%) of dysthymic disorder did not differ from the data of other studies which used similar methods. Preponderance of women, and people who live alone or are unemployed is typical for dysthymia. The age of onset is the late teens or early twenties, but a second peak has been also observed in women above the age of 40. The symptomatology was similar to that of major depression, with the difference that cognitive functions were less impaired in dysthymia. Dysthymia is very often comorbid with major depression and/or with some kinds of anxiety disorder, and is often accompanied by suicidal attempts. Hence, it seems that in spite of the 'mild' symptomatology, social impairment and quality of life are strongly affected.
|Translated title of the contribution||Epidemiology of dysthymic disorder|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2000|
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