A denevérek (Chiroptera) járványtani jelento″sége Európában, különös tekintettel vérszívó külso″ élo″sködo″ikre és az általuk terjesztheto″ (vector-borne) kórokozókra

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiological significance of bats (Chiroptera) in Europe, with emphasis on their bloodsucking ectoparasites as potential transmitters of vector-borne pathogens

Szoke Krisztina, S. Hornok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Invasion of men into bat habits and adaption of bats to urban areas increased the chances for camtact between humans and bats. Bats and their blood-sucking-ectoparasites are recognized to be natural reservoirs of a lage variety-of pathogens - incliding viruses bacteria protozoa-and fung among them many with zoonotic potential to infect humans. In Europe teh number of human disease cases that may have originated fom cantact with bats for may have resulted from their proximity appears to be lower than in the tropics but the epidemiological risk associated with bat-borne pathogens should not be iscounted on our continent. On the other hand bat species in Hungary are potected and some of them are endangered-or threatened by lacal extinction. The significance of bats in the ecosystem soundisputable therefore protection of bat habitats may have the mutual benefit of natural conservation and reduction of epidemiological cansequence of bat entry into human settlements. Here based on most recent literature data the authors summarize (mainly vector-borne) pathogens carried by bats. It is emphasized that various ecological physiological and geographical factors (such as the habitat seasonal activity migration-distance bat species) may significantly influnce the abundance of arthropods and the prevaience of associated vector-borne agents getting into contact with bats either as ectoparasites or prey terms.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)15-29
Number of pages15
JournalMagyar Allatorvosok Lapja
Volume138
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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