Environmental impact and risk assessment in the area of "Pata Rât" landfill site, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Gabriela Emilia Popiţa, Ildiko Varga, Anca Gurzau, Fazekas Bence, Tatiana Yuzhakova, Raluca Mariana Haţegan, Akos Redey, Antoanela Popovici, Constantin Mǎruţoiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the environmental impacts of the municipal waste disposal facility of Pata Rat, Cluj-Napoca, Romania during dry periods of the year. The environmental impact assessment on the landfill site was carried out on the basis of the measurements of environmental quality indicators. Environmental indicators were measured in the surface water, soil and air. For the assessment of the environmental impacts generated by landfill on surface water measurements were carried out for different quality indicators as: pH, redox potential, conductivity, TDS, salinity, temperature, CODCr, BOD, NH4-N, NO2-N, NO3-N, total P, residue and heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn). For the evaluation of the impact on soil, the measurements of the following quality indicators: pH, redox potential, conductivity, TDS, salinity and temperature, and heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) were carried out using soil aqueous extracts. The impact on air was evaluated by measuring the following quality indicators: NO2, VOC, SO2, dust (particulate matter PM10) and formaldehyde. Additionally, the following indicators: As, P, total Cr, VI Cr, Pb, Se, Ni, Cd, Co, Cu, Hg, chlorides, CODMn, CODCr, TSM, filterable residue, ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, phosphates, sulphates, total cyanides and pH, were analyzed for leachate. After analyzing the leachate, a correlation was set up between the results obtained for the quality indicators of surface water and leachate. The quality indicators showed that the surface water is heavily polluted with leachate during the dry periods of the year, when the precipitation regime is poor. It was concluded that the open dump landfills has an important influence on the surface water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-447
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Engineering and Management Journal
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Environmental pollution
  • Impact assessment
  • Integrated method
  • Landfill
  • Waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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  • Cite this

    Popiţa, G. E., Varga, I., Gurzau, A., Bence, F., Yuzhakova, T., Haţegan, R. M., Redey, A., Popovici, A., & Mǎruţoiu, C. (2014). Environmental impact and risk assessment in the area of "Pata Rât" landfill site, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 13(2), 435-447. https://doi.org/10.30638/eemj.2014.048