Enthalpy of displacement of binary liquid mixtures on solid surfaces part I. Analysis of u-shaped isotherms

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Abstract

The adsorption and displacement enthalpies of binary liquid mixtures have been investigated on silica gel. By application of the Gibbs surface model and the surface layer model, the displacement enthalpies measured by flow microcalorimetry were defined. Enthalpy isotherms were determined by studying benzene-n-heptane, methanol-benzene and methanol-n-heptane mixtures. A study was made of the extent to which the surface excess isotherms determine the displacement enthalpy isotherms. It was established that, assuming ideal behaviour of the adsorption layer (δHse = 0), the composition of the interfacial layer (ΦS 1) is equal to the displacement enthalpy factor (ΨS 1), i.e. the composition of the interfacial layer may be determined from calorimetric data alone. Differential displacement enthalpies were calculated and, from a combination of adsorption and calorimetric data, with the assumption of an ideal adsorption layer, adsorption equilibrium constants were also calculated. The relationships were also found to hold for the adsorption of partially miscible liquid mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-66
Number of pages20
JournalColloids and Surfaces
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986

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Isotherms
Enthalpy
Adsorption
Liquids
Heptane
Benzene
Methanol
Equilibrium constants
Silica gel
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Enthalpy of displacement of binary liquid mixtures on solid surfaces part I. Analysis of u-shaped isotherms",
abstract = "The adsorption and displacement enthalpies of binary liquid mixtures have been investigated on silica gel. By application of the Gibbs surface model and the surface layer model, the displacement enthalpies measured by flow microcalorimetry were defined. Enthalpy isotherms were determined by studying benzene-n-heptane, methanol-benzene and methanol-n-heptane mixtures. A study was made of the extent to which the surface excess isotherms determine the displacement enthalpy isotherms. It was established that, assuming ideal behaviour of the adsorption layer (δHse = 0), the composition of the interfacial layer (ΦS 1) is equal to the displacement enthalpy factor (ΨS 1), i.e. the composition of the interfacial layer may be determined from calorimetric data alone. Differential displacement enthalpies were calculated and, from a combination of adsorption and calorimetric data, with the assumption of an ideal adsorption layer, adsorption equilibrium constants were also calculated. The relationships were also found to hold for the adsorption of partially miscible liquid mixtures.",
author = "I. D{\'e}k{\'a}ny and {\'A}gnes Zsednai and Z. Kir{\'a}ly and K. L{\'a}szl{\'o} and L. Nagy",
year = "1986",
doi = "10.1016/0166-6622(86)80036-1",
language = "English",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Enthalpy of displacement of binary liquid mixtures on solid surfaces part I. Analysis of u-shaped isotherms

AU - Dékány, I.

AU - Zsednai, Ágnes

AU - Király, Z.

AU - László, K.

AU - Nagy, L.

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - The adsorption and displacement enthalpies of binary liquid mixtures have been investigated on silica gel. By application of the Gibbs surface model and the surface layer model, the displacement enthalpies measured by flow microcalorimetry were defined. Enthalpy isotherms were determined by studying benzene-n-heptane, methanol-benzene and methanol-n-heptane mixtures. A study was made of the extent to which the surface excess isotherms determine the displacement enthalpy isotherms. It was established that, assuming ideal behaviour of the adsorption layer (δHse = 0), the composition of the interfacial layer (ΦS 1) is equal to the displacement enthalpy factor (ΨS 1), i.e. the composition of the interfacial layer may be determined from calorimetric data alone. Differential displacement enthalpies were calculated and, from a combination of adsorption and calorimetric data, with the assumption of an ideal adsorption layer, adsorption equilibrium constants were also calculated. The relationships were also found to hold for the adsorption of partially miscible liquid mixtures.

AB - The adsorption and displacement enthalpies of binary liquid mixtures have been investigated on silica gel. By application of the Gibbs surface model and the surface layer model, the displacement enthalpies measured by flow microcalorimetry were defined. Enthalpy isotherms were determined by studying benzene-n-heptane, methanol-benzene and methanol-n-heptane mixtures. A study was made of the extent to which the surface excess isotherms determine the displacement enthalpy isotherms. It was established that, assuming ideal behaviour of the adsorption layer (δHse = 0), the composition of the interfacial layer (ΦS 1) is equal to the displacement enthalpy factor (ΨS 1), i.e. the composition of the interfacial layer may be determined from calorimetric data alone. Differential displacement enthalpies were calculated and, from a combination of adsorption and calorimetric data, with the assumption of an ideal adsorption layer, adsorption equilibrium constants were also calculated. The relationships were also found to hold for the adsorption of partially miscible liquid mixtures.

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JF - Colloids and Surfaces

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