Entanglement in fermionic Fock space

Gábor Sárosi, P. Lévay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a generalization of the usual stochastic local operations and classical communications (SLOCC) and local unitary (LU) classifications of entangled pure state fermionic systems based on the spin group. Our generalization relies on the fact that there is a representation of this group acting on the fermionic Fock space, which, when restricted to fixed particle number subspaces, naturally recovers the usual SLOCC transformations. The new ingredient is the occurrence of Bogoliubov transformations of the whole Fock space, which change the particle number. The classification scheme built on the spin group naturally prohibits entanglement between states containing even and odd numbers of fermions. In our scheme the problem of the classification of entanglement types boils down to the classification of spinors where totally separable states are represented by so-called pure spinors. We construct the basic invariants of the spin group and show how some of the known SLOCC invariants are just their special cases. As an example we present the classification of fermionic systems with a Fock space based on six single particle states; an intriguing duality between two different possibilities for embedding three-qubit systems inside the fermionic ones is revealed. This duality is elucidated via an interesting connection to the configurations of wrapped membranes reinterpreted as qubits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115304
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Volume47
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 21 2014

Fingerprint

Fock Space
Entanglement
Spinors
communication
Qubit
Communication
Duality
Invariant
Fermions
Pure State
Even number
Odd number
ingredients
embedding
Membrane
fermions
Subspace
occurrences
membranes
Membranes

Keywords

  • fermions
  • Fock space
  • quantum entanglement
  • spin group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Statistics and Probability

Cite this

Entanglement in fermionic Fock space. / Sárosi, Gábor; Lévay, P.

In: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, Vol. 47, No. 11, 115304, 21.03.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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