### Abstract

We propose a generalization of the usual stochastic local operations and classical communications (SLOCC) and local unitary (LU) classifications of entangled pure state fermionic systems based on the spin group. Our generalization relies on the fact that there is a representation of this group acting on the fermionic Fock space, which, when restricted to fixed particle number subspaces, naturally recovers the usual SLOCC transformations. The new ingredient is the occurrence of Bogoliubov transformations of the whole Fock space, which change the particle number. The classification scheme built on the spin group naturally prohibits entanglement between states containing even and odd numbers of fermions. In our scheme the problem of the classification of entanglement types boils down to the classification of spinors where totally separable states are represented by so-called pure spinors. We construct the basic invariants of the spin group and show how some of the known SLOCC invariants are just their special cases. As an example we present the classification of fermionic systems with a Fock space based on six single particle states; an intriguing duality between two different possibilities for embedding three-qubit systems inside the fermionic ones is revealed. This duality is elucidated via an interesting connection to the configurations of wrapped membranes reinterpreted as qubits.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Article number | 115304 |

Journal | Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical |

Volume | 47 |

Issue number | 11 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Mar 21 2014 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- fermions
- Fock space
- quantum entanglement
- spin group

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Modelling and Simulation
- Statistics and Probability

### Cite this

*Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical*,

*47*(11), [115304]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/47/11/115304

**Entanglement in fermionic Fock space.** / Sárosi, Gábor; Lévay, P.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical*, vol. 47, no. 11, 115304. https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/47/11/115304

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Entanglement in fermionic Fock space

AU - Sárosi, Gábor

AU - Lévay, P.

PY - 2014/3/21

Y1 - 2014/3/21

N2 - We propose a generalization of the usual stochastic local operations and classical communications (SLOCC) and local unitary (LU) classifications of entangled pure state fermionic systems based on the spin group. Our generalization relies on the fact that there is a representation of this group acting on the fermionic Fock space, which, when restricted to fixed particle number subspaces, naturally recovers the usual SLOCC transformations. The new ingredient is the occurrence of Bogoliubov transformations of the whole Fock space, which change the particle number. The classification scheme built on the spin group naturally prohibits entanglement between states containing even and odd numbers of fermions. In our scheme the problem of the classification of entanglement types boils down to the classification of spinors where totally separable states are represented by so-called pure spinors. We construct the basic invariants of the spin group and show how some of the known SLOCC invariants are just their special cases. As an example we present the classification of fermionic systems with a Fock space based on six single particle states; an intriguing duality between two different possibilities for embedding three-qubit systems inside the fermionic ones is revealed. This duality is elucidated via an interesting connection to the configurations of wrapped membranes reinterpreted as qubits.

AB - We propose a generalization of the usual stochastic local operations and classical communications (SLOCC) and local unitary (LU) classifications of entangled pure state fermionic systems based on the spin group. Our generalization relies on the fact that there is a representation of this group acting on the fermionic Fock space, which, when restricted to fixed particle number subspaces, naturally recovers the usual SLOCC transformations. The new ingredient is the occurrence of Bogoliubov transformations of the whole Fock space, which change the particle number. The classification scheme built on the spin group naturally prohibits entanglement between states containing even and odd numbers of fermions. In our scheme the problem of the classification of entanglement types boils down to the classification of spinors where totally separable states are represented by so-called pure spinors. We construct the basic invariants of the spin group and show how some of the known SLOCC invariants are just their special cases. As an example we present the classification of fermionic systems with a Fock space based on six single particle states; an intriguing duality between two different possibilities for embedding three-qubit systems inside the fermionic ones is revealed. This duality is elucidated via an interesting connection to the configurations of wrapped membranes reinterpreted as qubits.

KW - fermions

KW - Fock space

KW - quantum entanglement

KW - spin group

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897687973&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897687973&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1751-8113/47/11/115304

DO - 10.1088/1751-8113/47/11/115304

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84897687973

VL - 47

JO - Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical

JF - Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical

SN - 1751-8113

IS - 11

M1 - 115304

ER -