Enhancing the accessibility of starch size and cellulose to enzymes in raw cotton woven fabric by air-plasma pretreatment

Orsolya Erzsebet Szabo, Emilia Csiszar, Bela Koczka, A. Tóth, Szilvia Klebert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, raw cotton fabric was pretreated with non-thermal atmospheric air-plasma and the accessibility of the surface polymers of the fibers and yarns that act as respective substrates for the enzymes was evaluated. Results proved that plasma slightly destroyed and oxidized the starch size on the surface of warp yarns and partially removed the thin and perfectly hydrophobic waxy coverage of the fibers in weft yarns, creating deep “pits” with a depth of 215 nm. This latter process contributed to the exposure of cellulose and pectin located under the waxy outer layer of the elementary fibers in the weft yarns, and significantly increased the surface roughness of the fibers (from Rqof 25 to 67 nm for the raw and 180 s plasma-treated samples, respectively). Amount of the reducing sugars released during the amylase and cellulase digestion of the plasma-treated fabrics confirmed that air-plasma significantly increased the accessibility of the starch and cellulose, respectively, to the enzymes and resulted in an enhanced solubilization of both polymers. Since the plasma-treated substrates displayed significantly faster enzyme reactions, the time of enzymatic treatments can be sharply reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)868-877
Number of pages10
JournalTextile Research Journal
Volume86
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Starch
Cellulose
Cotton
Enzymes
Plasmas
Yarn
Air
Fibers
Polymers
Amylases
Cellulase
Cotton fabrics
Substrates
Sugars
Surface roughness

Keywords

  • accessibility
  • cellulose
  • desizing
  • enzyme
  • pectin
  • starch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Enhancing the accessibility of starch size and cellulose to enzymes in raw cotton woven fabric by air-plasma pretreatment. / Szabo, Orsolya Erzsebet; Csiszar, Emilia; Koczka, Bela; Tóth, A.; Klebert, Szilvia.

In: Textile Research Journal, Vol. 86, No. 8, 2016, p. 868-877.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szabo, Orsolya Erzsebet ; Csiszar, Emilia ; Koczka, Bela ; Tóth, A. ; Klebert, Szilvia. / Enhancing the accessibility of starch size and cellulose to enzymes in raw cotton woven fabric by air-plasma pretreatment. In: Textile Research Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 86, No. 8. pp. 868-877.
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