The electron screening in the d(d,p)t reaction has been studied for the deuterated metal Pt at a target temperature T = 20 °C to 340 °C, and for Co at T = 20 °C and 200 °C. The enhanced electron screening decreases with increasing temperature, where the data agree with the plasma model of Debye applied to the quasi-free metallic electrons. The data represent the first observation of a temperature dependence of a nuclear cross-section. We also measured the screening effect for the deuterated metal Ti (an element of group 4 of the periodic table) at T = -10 °C to 200 °C: above 50 °C the hydrogen solubility dropped to values far below unity and a large screening effect became observable. Similarly, all metals of groups 3 and 4 and the lanthanides showed a solubility of a few percent at T = 200 °C (compared to T = 20 °C) and a large screening became also observable. Within the Debye model the deduced number of valence electrons per metallic atom agrees with the corresponding number from the Hall coefficient, for all metals investigated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics