Energy drink consumption, depression, and salutogenic sense of coherence among adolescents and young adults

Ákos Tóth, Rita Soós, Etelka Szovák, Noemi M. Najbauer, Dalma Tényi, Györgyi Csábí, Márta Wilhelm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The prevalence of energy drink consumption has increased in Hungary over the past 10– 15 years. This study assesses the frequency, motivations, and adverse effects of energy drink consumption, and examines how the process of becoming a regular consumer is connected with sense of coherence and depression symptoms. A total of 631 high school and college students were assessed using the Depression Scale (BDS-13) and Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13). Logistic regression models were fit to test the effect of and links between factors influencing addiction to energy drink use. A total of 31.1% (95% CI: 27.4–34.7) of those surveyed consumed energy drinks, 24.0% of those affected consumed the energy drink with alcohol, 71.4% (95% CI: 64.7–77.3) experienced adverse effects following energy drink consumption, and 10.2% (95% CI: 6.7–15.2) experienced at least four symptoms simultaneously. The most common motivations of consumption were fatigue, taste, and fun. Obtained by multivariate logistic regression models, after adjustment for sex and age, SOC and tendency to depression had a significant influence on the respondents’ odds of addiction. The tendency to depression increases the chances of addiction, while a strong sense of coherence diminishes the effects of depression. Young people in Hungary have been shown to consume energy drinks in quantities that are detrimental to their health. Complex preventive measures and programs are needed to address the problem. Families and educators should strive to instill a strong sense of coherence in children from an early age.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1290
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 2020



  • Adolescents
  • Depression
  • Energy drinks
  • Sense of coherence
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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