Energy density of the diet and change in body fatness from childhood to adolescence; is there a relation?

Tracy A. McCaffrey, Kirsten L. Rennie, Maeve A. Kerr, Julie M. Wallace, Mary P. Hannon-Fletcher, W. Andy Coward, Susan A. Jebb, B. Livingstone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The contribution of energy density (ED) of the total diet to increased risk of obesity from childhood into adolescence is unclear. Objective: We assessed the relation between the ED of the diet in childhood, calculated in a number of ways, and change in adiposity from childhood to adolescence. Design: In a prospective study, 48 children (30 boys, 18 girls) were initially studied at age 6-8 y (baseline) and followed up at age 13-17 y. Daily ED, energy intake, and food intake were assessed at baseline by 7-d weighed food records concurrent with estimates of total energy expenditure (TEE) by doubly labeled water. ED was calculated with the use of 5 published methods. Obesity risk was defined with the use of body fat from total body water by isotope dilution. Body fat was normalized for height and expressed as fat mass index (FMI). Change in adiposity was calculated as follow-up FMI minus baseline FMI. Results: Misreporting of energy intake at the group level at baseline was low relative to the TEE. ED of the total diet at baseline by the 3 methods for calculating ED that excluded all or most beverages was prospectively associated with change in FMI. However, ED of the total diet by any of the methods was not associated with change in the percentage body fat, body mass index, or waist circumference z scores. Conclusion: The methods used to calculate ED and to assess obesity risk lead to different conclusions about the relation between the ED of the diet in childhood and gain in fat into adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1230-1237
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume87
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2008

Fingerprint

energy density
childhood
Fats
Diet
Adipose Tissue
diet
Adiposity
Energy Intake
Energy Metabolism
Obesity
body fat
obesity
adiposity
Fat Body
Body Water
Pediatric Obesity
Beverages
Waist Circumference
energy expenditure
Isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

McCaffrey, T. A., Rennie, K. L., Kerr, M. A., Wallace, J. M., Hannon-Fletcher, M. P., Coward, W. A., ... Livingstone, B. (2008). Energy density of the diet and change in body fatness from childhood to adolescence; is there a relation? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87(5), 1230-1237.

Energy density of the diet and change in body fatness from childhood to adolescence; is there a relation? / McCaffrey, Tracy A.; Rennie, Kirsten L.; Kerr, Maeve A.; Wallace, Julie M.; Hannon-Fletcher, Mary P.; Coward, W. Andy; Jebb, Susan A.; Livingstone, B.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 87, No. 5, 01.05.2008, p. 1230-1237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCaffrey, TA, Rennie, KL, Kerr, MA, Wallace, JM, Hannon-Fletcher, MP, Coward, WA, Jebb, SA & Livingstone, B 2008, 'Energy density of the diet and change in body fatness from childhood to adolescence; is there a relation?', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 1230-1237.
McCaffrey TA, Rennie KL, Kerr MA, Wallace JM, Hannon-Fletcher MP, Coward WA et al. Energy density of the diet and change in body fatness from childhood to adolescence; is there a relation? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2008 May 1;87(5):1230-1237.
McCaffrey, Tracy A. ; Rennie, Kirsten L. ; Kerr, Maeve A. ; Wallace, Julie M. ; Hannon-Fletcher, Mary P. ; Coward, W. Andy ; Jebb, Susan A. ; Livingstone, B. / Energy density of the diet and change in body fatness from childhood to adolescence; is there a relation?. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2008 ; Vol. 87, No. 5. pp. 1230-1237.
@article{a64c77c77b7d481393527fdba5ccbdd5,
title = "Energy density of the diet and change in body fatness from childhood to adolescence; is there a relation?",
abstract = "Background: The contribution of energy density (ED) of the total diet to increased risk of obesity from childhood into adolescence is unclear. Objective: We assessed the relation between the ED of the diet in childhood, calculated in a number of ways, and change in adiposity from childhood to adolescence. Design: In a prospective study, 48 children (30 boys, 18 girls) were initially studied at age 6-8 y (baseline) and followed up at age 13-17 y. Daily ED, energy intake, and food intake were assessed at baseline by 7-d weighed food records concurrent with estimates of total energy expenditure (TEE) by doubly labeled water. ED was calculated with the use of 5 published methods. Obesity risk was defined with the use of body fat from total body water by isotope dilution. Body fat was normalized for height and expressed as fat mass index (FMI). Change in adiposity was calculated as follow-up FMI minus baseline FMI. Results: Misreporting of energy intake at the group level at baseline was low relative to the TEE. ED of the total diet at baseline by the 3 methods for calculating ED that excluded all or most beverages was prospectively associated with change in FMI. However, ED of the total diet by any of the methods was not associated with change in the percentage body fat, body mass index, or waist circumference z scores. Conclusion: The methods used to calculate ED and to assess obesity risk lead to different conclusions about the relation between the ED of the diet in childhood and gain in fat into adolescence.",
author = "McCaffrey, {Tracy A.} and Rennie, {Kirsten L.} and Kerr, {Maeve A.} and Wallace, {Julie M.} and Hannon-Fletcher, {Mary P.} and Coward, {W. Andy} and Jebb, {Susan A.} and B. Livingstone",
year = "2008",
month = "5",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = "1230--1237",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy density of the diet and change in body fatness from childhood to adolescence; is there a relation?

AU - McCaffrey, Tracy A.

AU - Rennie, Kirsten L.

AU - Kerr, Maeve A.

AU - Wallace, Julie M.

AU - Hannon-Fletcher, Mary P.

AU - Coward, W. Andy

AU - Jebb, Susan A.

AU - Livingstone, B.

PY - 2008/5/1

Y1 - 2008/5/1

N2 - Background: The contribution of energy density (ED) of the total diet to increased risk of obesity from childhood into adolescence is unclear. Objective: We assessed the relation between the ED of the diet in childhood, calculated in a number of ways, and change in adiposity from childhood to adolescence. Design: In a prospective study, 48 children (30 boys, 18 girls) were initially studied at age 6-8 y (baseline) and followed up at age 13-17 y. Daily ED, energy intake, and food intake were assessed at baseline by 7-d weighed food records concurrent with estimates of total energy expenditure (TEE) by doubly labeled water. ED was calculated with the use of 5 published methods. Obesity risk was defined with the use of body fat from total body water by isotope dilution. Body fat was normalized for height and expressed as fat mass index (FMI). Change in adiposity was calculated as follow-up FMI minus baseline FMI. Results: Misreporting of energy intake at the group level at baseline was low relative to the TEE. ED of the total diet at baseline by the 3 methods for calculating ED that excluded all or most beverages was prospectively associated with change in FMI. However, ED of the total diet by any of the methods was not associated with change in the percentage body fat, body mass index, or waist circumference z scores. Conclusion: The methods used to calculate ED and to assess obesity risk lead to different conclusions about the relation between the ED of the diet in childhood and gain in fat into adolescence.

AB - Background: The contribution of energy density (ED) of the total diet to increased risk of obesity from childhood into adolescence is unclear. Objective: We assessed the relation between the ED of the diet in childhood, calculated in a number of ways, and change in adiposity from childhood to adolescence. Design: In a prospective study, 48 children (30 boys, 18 girls) were initially studied at age 6-8 y (baseline) and followed up at age 13-17 y. Daily ED, energy intake, and food intake were assessed at baseline by 7-d weighed food records concurrent with estimates of total energy expenditure (TEE) by doubly labeled water. ED was calculated with the use of 5 published methods. Obesity risk was defined with the use of body fat from total body water by isotope dilution. Body fat was normalized for height and expressed as fat mass index (FMI). Change in adiposity was calculated as follow-up FMI minus baseline FMI. Results: Misreporting of energy intake at the group level at baseline was low relative to the TEE. ED of the total diet at baseline by the 3 methods for calculating ED that excluded all or most beverages was prospectively associated with change in FMI. However, ED of the total diet by any of the methods was not associated with change in the percentage body fat, body mass index, or waist circumference z scores. Conclusion: The methods used to calculate ED and to assess obesity risk lead to different conclusions about the relation between the ED of the diet in childhood and gain in fat into adolescence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=43549095244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=43549095244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 18469244

AN - SCOPUS:43549095244

VL - 87

SP - 1230

EP - 1237

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 5

ER -