Background: To improve the rate of successful heart transplantations, organ preservation should be optimized in cardiac transplantation surgery. Iron-dependent oxidative damage and iron-independent, chloride-dependent injury of the endothelium have been described after cold ischemic storage and reperfusion, leading to an enhanced rate of complications and unfavorable outcomes. This screening study tested the effects of iron chelator supplementation in different histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) organ preservation solutions on endothelial function in a long-term storage model of the isolated rat aorta. Methods: Isolated rat aortic rings underwent a 24-hour cold ischemic preservation in different HTK solutions supplemented with iron chelators of low (deferoxamine) and high (LK-614) membrane permeability. In vascular reactivity measurements we investigated the phenyleprine-induced contraction and both endothelium-dependent and -independent vasorelaxation by using cumulative concentrations of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside with and without an additional external oxidant injury during re-oxygenation. Results: Traditional HTK solution, Custodiol, failed to prevent endothelial dysfunction in our experiments. Use of chloride-poor HTK solutions containing N-α-acetyl-l-histidine with and without supplementation with LK-614, but not with deferoxamine, resulted in significant improvement of impaired endothelial function; moreover, complete protection of the endothelium was feasible after 24-hour cold storage. Endothelium-independent functions of vascular smooth muscle were not affected in any of the groups. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate the important pathophysiologic role of iron-dependent oxidative injury in the development of endothelial dysfunction after cold storage, which can be prevented by cell-permeable iron chelators.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine