Based upon the available literature, the authors describe the physiology and the mechanisms of the upper respiratory tract. They present disorders of the upper respiratory tract resulting in poor performance and abnormal respiratory noise. From the disorders, idiopathic left laryngeal hemiplegia, dorsal displacement of the soft palate and rostral and dorsal pharyngeal collapse are outlined in details. More rarely occurring disorders, such as axial deviation of the aryepiglottic fold, epiglottic entrapment, epiglottic retroversion and vocal cord collapse are also defined. As regards the diagnostic methods, resting endoscopy, high speed treadmill endoscopy and overground endoscopy, the latter allowing the examination of horses in their natural environment and under their usual workload, are presented.
|Translated title of the contribution||Endoscopie examination of dynamic upper respiratory tract disorders in horses. Literature review|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas