Pancreas divisum is the most frequent congenital ductal anomaly of the pancreas: it occurs in 5-10% of the population. In the majority of patients, this congenital anomaly is of no clinical importance. In a certain subset of patients, however, pancreas divisum is clinically important as a cause of abdominal pain, acute recurrent pancreatitis or chronic obstructive pancreatitis. The authors, experience on endoscopic drainage of the minor papilla is reported. In the history of patient 1., three episodes of recurrent pancreatitis and permanent upper abdominal pain were explored. ERP revealed a pancreas divisum and a mild irregularity and dilation of the dorsal pancreatic duct. A 7 F stent (length: 6 cm) was implanted in the dorsal pancreatic duct following a papillotomy on the stenotic minor papilla. A repeated Lundh test revealed a 58% improvement in the exocrine pancreatic function. No recurrence of pancreatitis has been observed in spite of the moderate continuous abdominal pain. In patient 2., ERP demonstrated a pancreas divisum and a severely dilated dorsal pancreatic duct as causes of the previous permanent abdominal pain. An 8 F stent (length: 5 cm) was inserted through the minor papilla without endoscopic sphincterotomy. A significant improvement in exocrine pancreatic function (70%) ensued. No abdominal pain has since been observed. In conclusion, dorsal pancreatic duct stenting (mainly in cases involving a dilated pancreatic duct) seems to have a beneficial effect in patients with both recurrent acute pancreatitis or chronic obstructive pancreatitis evoked by pancreas divisum.
|Translated title of the contribution||Endoscopic therapy of pancreas divisum|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas