In 55 children less than 14 years old urinary calculi have been removed endoscopically. In larger stones the ultrasonic lithotripsy has been used. Due to our experience and a review of the literature it was found that the majority of urinary calculi in children could be removed endoscopically. The open operation should be used in exceptional cases. Problems, results and complications of the endoscopic approach are described in detail.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Zeitschrift für Urologie und Nephrologie|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1990|
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