During a 15-month period 8 patients (1 male, 7 females, mean age 49 years) admitted from different institutions were treated with bile leaks after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The diagnosis was established by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. The site of the leakage was the cystic duct in five cases, the common bile duct in one case, the hepatic "bed" in one case and it was undetectable in one case. Five patients had common bile duct stone and one patients also had common bile duct stricture. Endoscopic sphincterotomy was performed in all cases with stone extraction if needed, and stent insertion (7 or 10 Fr straight endoprosthesis) in six cases. The stents were removed after 4-16 weeks in all cases, except the patients with common bile duct stricture, in whom the stent was exchanged for two other endoprostheses to prevent restricture after three months, she is still under treatment. Endoscopic sphincterotomy, stone removal and stent placement were successful in all cases. Symptoms resolved in hours, and the bile leakage stopped in days. Apart from transient serum amylase level elevation in one patient no other complication was observed. CONCLUSION: The endoscopic treatment of bile leakage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy has proved to be a safe and effective method. It may be considered the method of choice in the management of this complication.
|Translated title of the contribution||Endoscopic management of bile leakage following laparoscopic cholecystectomy|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 17 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas