Enantioseparation of ß-carboline, tetrahydroisoquinoline and benzazepine analogues of pharmaceutical importance: Utilization of chiral stationary phases based on polysaccharides and sulfonic acid modified Cinchonaalkaloids in high-performance liquid and subcritical fluid chromatography

István Ilisz, Attila Bajtai, István Szatmári, Ferenc Fülöp, Wolfgang Lindner, Antal Péter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) and subcritical fluid chromatographic (SFC) separations of the enantiomers of structurally diverse, basic ß-carboline, tetrahydroisoquinoline and benzazepine analogues of pharmacological interest were performed applying chiral stationary phases (CSPs) based on (i) neutral polysaccharides- and (ii) zwitterionic sulfonic acid derivatives of Cinchona alkaloids. The aim of this work was to reveal the influence of structural peculiarities on the enantiorecognition on both types of CSP through the investigation of the effects of the composition of the bulk solvent, the structures of the chiral analytes (SAs) and chiral selectors (SOs) on retention and stereoselectivity. As a general tendency, valid for all polysaccharide SOs studied, the increase of the concentration of the apolar component in the mobile phase (n-hexane for LC or liquid CO2 for SFC) was found to significantly increase retention, which in most cases, was accompanied with increased selectivity and resolution. In a way, similar behaviour was registered for the zwitterionic SOs. In polar ionic mode employing eluent systems composed of methanol and acetonitrile with organic acid and base additives, moderate increases in retention factor, selectivity and resolution were observed with increasing acetonitrile content. However, under SFC conditions, an extremely high increase in retention was observed with increased CO2 content, while selectivity and resolution changed only slightly. Thermodynamic parameters derived from temperature dependence studies revealed that separations are controlled by enthalpy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number460771
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume1615
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 29 2020

Keywords

  • Benzazepine analogues
  • HPLC
  • SFC
  • Tetrahydroisoquinoline analogues
  • ß-carboline analogues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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