The hydrogenation of ethyl pyruvate was studied over cinchonidine-Pt/Al2O3 catalyst. Contrary to earlier results it has been found that the initial enantiomeric excess extrapolated to zero conversion is close to zero. Based on kinetic analysis the results are considered as indirect evidence for the substrate-modifier interaction taking place in the liquid phase. The above interaction leads to the formation of a weak substrate-modifier complex. The formation of the complex in the liquid phase is the key step to control both the rate acceleration and the induction of enantio-differentiation in the hydrogenation of α-keto esters in the presence of cinchona-Pt/Al2O3 catalysts. The character of interactions in the substrate-modifier complex is discussed. By using molecular modelling the possible form of the complex is also given.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry