En echelon fractures in a dextral shear zone ‐ tectonic heritage for a hydrothermal cave (Budapest, Hungary)

L. Fodor, SZ Leél‐Össy, G. Tari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microtectonic study of brittle structures in the József Hill Cave, Budapest, highlights the connection between different phases of fracturing and cave formation. E‐W trending dextral faults (second order Riedels) and NW‐SE oriented tension fractures developed in a ENE‐WSW trending dextral shear zone as a result of WNW‐ESE directed compression. Ascending thermal water dissolved cave galleries and created barite veins along these fractures. The first stage of cave formation as inferred from timing of fracturation from the regional stress field was Oligocene‐Early Miocene. Between the Middle Miocene and Quaternary new N‐S to NE‐SW trending normal faults were formed by ESE‐WNW extension. Pleistocene differential uplift resulted in the reactivation and enlarging of fault zones, dominantly the E‐W trending older Riedels. These recent tectonic events enhanced the original en echelon geometry of the older cave corridors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-170
Number of pages6
JournalTerra Nova
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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