Emergent application fields for semiconductor gas sensors

C. D. Kohl, J. Kelleter, W. Geyer, Th Ochs, C. Krummel, M. Fleischer, H. Meixner, H. Petig

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)


Since the appearance of the Japanese semiconductor sensors the European market has been dominated by imported sensors. Early applications as CO-, methane, or propane warning boxes for use in private homes did not attain a high reputation for reliability. In tests of gas supplying companies such sensor boxes equipped with simple electronics checking only a conductance threshold failed to survive a period of about a year. Meanwhile some European companies produce semiconductor gas sensors with a closer distance to the market allowing to stabilize key properties for reliable warning systems. One example will be described in some detail, a detection system for smouldering fires featuring three tin oxide sensors and an intelligent evaluation system. This system is installed in fossile power plants. Another example is a methane sensor based on gallium oxide featuring an overlayer improving the selectivity. The conductance of gallium oxide is not dependent on potential barriers between the grains. Therefore, this sensor material shows a stability of the conductance value in the absence of the analyze gas which is even superior to the stability of a platinum thin film heating element ordinarily used to stabilize the temperature of a sensor element.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalElectron Technology (Warsaw)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000
Event1st International Seminar on Semiconductor Gas Sensors - SGS'98 - Ustron, Pol
Duration: Sep 22 1998Sep 25 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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    Kohl, C. D., Kelleter, J., Geyer, W., Ochs, T., Krummel, C., Fleischer, M., Meixner, H., & Petig, H. (2000). Emergent application fields for semiconductor gas sensors. Electron Technology (Warsaw), 33(1), 13-21.