Emergence of leader-follower hierarchy among players in an on-line experiment

Balint J. Toth, Gergely Palla, Enys Mones, Gergo Havadi, Nora Pall, Peter Pollner, T. Vicsek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Hierarchical networks are prevalent in nature and society, corresponding to groups of actors - animals, humans or even robots - organized according to a pyramidal structure with decision makers at the top and followers at the bottom. While this phenomenon is seemingly universal, the underlying governing principles are poorly understood. Here we study the emergence of hierarchies in groups of people playing a simple dot guessing game in controlled experiments, lasting for about 40 rounds, conducted over the Internet. During the games, the players had the possibility to look at the answer of a limited number of other players of their choice. This act of asking for advice defines a directed connection between the involved players, and according to our analysis, the initial random configuration of the emerging networks became more structured over time, showing signs of hierarchy towards the end of the game. In addition, the achieved score of the players appeared to be correlated with their position in the hierarchy. These results indicate that under certain conditions imitation and limited knowledge about the performance of other actors is sufficient for the emergence of hierarchy in a social group.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining, ASONAM 2018
EditorsAndrea Tagarelli, Chandan Reddy, Ulrik Brandes
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1184-1190
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781538660515
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 24 2018
Event10th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining, ASONAM 2018 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: Aug 28 2018Aug 31 2018

Other

Other10th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining, ASONAM 2018
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period8/28/188/31/18

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Keywords

  • emergence
  • game
  • hierarchy
  • networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Communication
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems and Management

Cite this

Toth, B. J., Palla, G., Mones, E., Havadi, G., Pall, N., Pollner, P., & Vicsek, T. (2018). Emergence of leader-follower hierarchy among players in an on-line experiment. In A. Tagarelli, C. Reddy, & U. Brandes (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining, ASONAM 2018 (pp. 1184-1190). [8508278] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ASONAM.2018.8508278