Elevated serum TNF-α level as a link between endothelial dysfunction and insulin resistance in normotensive obese patients

Gabor Winkler, P. Lakatos, F. Salamon, Z. Nagy, G. Speer, M. Kovács, G. Harmos, O. Dworak, K. Cseh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The aim of the study was to analyse the role of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction in patients with different types of obesity. Patients and methods: Fasting serum TNF-α immunoreactive concentration (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ELISA) and bioactivity (L929 cell cytotoxicity assay), endothelin-1 and C- peptide levels (radioimmunoassay, RIA) were measured in 15 patients with android- and 13 patients with gynoid-type obesity and 15 lean healthy controls with normal glucose tolerance and blood pressure. Results: Significantly (P<0.01) higher TNF-α concentration (8.92 ± 0.44pg/ml) and bioactivity (3.12 ± 0.48 U/ml) were found in patients with android obesity as compared to patients with gynoid obesity (7.01 ± 0.30pg/ml, 0.97 ± 0.11 U/ml) and to the lean controls (6.88 ± 0.26 pg/ml, 0.88 ± 0.08 U/ml). Serum endothelin-1 (5.38 ± 0.30 pg/ml) and C-peptide levels (4.82 ± 0.71 ng/ml) were also significantly higher (P<0.01) in patients with android-type obesity than in controls (3.89 ± 0.43 pg/ml, 1.46 ± 0.25 ng/ml, respectively). In patients with gynoid-type obesity, only the C-peptide levels proved to be significantly higher (2.84 ± 0.29 ng/ml). Endothelin-1 levels, although were found to be slightly higher, did not differ statistically from in controls (4.56 ± 0.31 pg/ml). There were significant positive linear correlations only in patients with android-type obesity between TNF-α, body mass index (BMI), serum endothelin-1 and C-peptide levels. Conclusions: TNF-α may be one of the factors contributing to insulin resistance and vascular dysfunction in patients with android obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-211
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 6 1999

Keywords

  • Android-type obesity
  • C-peptide
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Endothelin-1
  • Serum TNF-α levels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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