Objectives: Histamine is a known inducer of cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB), which plays a key role in initiation of adipogenesis. Our present goal was to study how histamine deficiency impacts CREB signalling and adipogenesis. Methods: We used a histidine-decarboxylase gene-targeted (HDC KO) mice model lacking endogenous histamine. We measured CREB activity and expression by EMSA, Western blot and real-time RT-PCR, as well as cAMP levels by ELISA in primary embryonic fibroblasts derived from WT and HDC KO mice. The ability of these cells to form adipocytes was also tested in preliminary experiments. Results: We found that in the absence of the histamine, cells show higher constitutive CREB activity and greatly increased intracellular cAMP levels, as well as that in contrast to WT cells, HDC KO fibroblasts are more prone to differentiate into adipocytes. Conclusion: These data suggest a newly recognised inhibitory role for histamine in CREB activity and draws attention to the potential role of histamine in adipocyte differentiation.
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