Electrospun PLA fibers containing metronidazole for periodontal disease

Mária Budai-Szűcs, Attila Léber, Lu Cui, Muriel Józó, Péter Vályi, Katalin Burián, Balázs Kirschweng, Erzsébet Csányi, Béla Pukánszky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Electrospun PLA fiber devices were investigated in the form of fiber mats and disks. Metronidazole was used as an active agent; its concentration was 12.2 and 25.7 wt% in the devices. Methods: The structure was studied by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, drug release by dissolution measurements, while the antimicrobial efficiency was tested on five bacterial strains. Results: The XRD study showed that the polymer was partially crystalline in both devices, but a part of metronidazole precipitated and was in the form of crystals among and within the fibers. Liquid penetration and dissolution were different in the two devices, they were faster in disks and slower in fiber mats, due to the morphology of the device and the action of capillary forces. Disks released the drug much faster than fiber mats. Although the release study indicated fast drug dissolution, the concentration achieved a plateau value in 24 hrs for the disks; the inhibition effect lasted much longer, 13 days for bacteria sensitive to metronidazole. The longer inhibition period could be explained by the slower diffusion of metronidazole located inside the fibers of the device. Conclusion: The results suggest that the devices may be effective in the treatment of periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-242
Number of pages10
JournalDrug Design, Development and Therapy
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Capillary forces
  • Diffusion
  • Disks
  • Dissolution
  • Drug release devices
  • Fiber mats
  • Inhibition
  • Morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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  • Cite this

    Budai-Szűcs, M., Léber, A., Cui, L., Józó, M., Vályi, P., Burián, K., Kirschweng, B., Csányi, E., & Pukánszky, B. (2020). Electrospun PLA fibers containing metronidazole for periodontal disease. Drug Design, Development and Therapy, 14, 233-242. https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S231748