The responses of the inner retinal neurons of turtle to light spots of sizes were studied in an attempt to reveal characteristics that may reflect possible interactions of the neural circuits underlying the center and surround responses. For the ON-OFF cells, the responses were also analyzed to observe whether interference or augmentation of these responses occur. The intracellular recordings revealed several such interactions, observed either in the form of altered spike activity or as changes in the transiency of the light responses. The ON-responding amacrine cell presented in this study became more sustained, while for the ON-OFF amacrine cells larger light spots tended to make the responses more transient and both the ON and OFF components became more pronounced. The spiking activity of the OFF-type ganglion cell shifted in relation to the light stimulus and the number of spikes observed upon presentation of larger spots increased. We suggest that the surround circuits activated by increasing light spots may substantially influence and reorganize not only the overall center-surround balance, but also the center response of the cells. Although it cannot be excluded that intrinsic membrane properties also influence these processes to some extent, it is more likely that lateral inhibition and disinhibitory mechanisms play the leading role in this process.
- Amacrine cells
- Ganglion cells ON/OFF response
- Lateral inhibition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Environmental Science(all)