Electrophysiological characteristics of heart ventricular papillary muscles in diabetic histidine decarboxylase knockout and wild-type mice

Andrea Szebeni, A. Falus, V. Kecskeméti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The diabetes-induced action potential (AP) abnormalities have been studied mainly in rats where significant prolongation of repolarization and reduced maximum rate of depolarization (V max) was detected. Histidine decarboxylase knockout (HDC-KO) mice lack endogenous histamine and they are characterized by impaired glucose tolerance. Furthermore they have autoantibodies reactive to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). These findings suggested that this model might have an increased susceptibility to autoimmune diabetes. Materials and methods: Standard microelectrode technique was used to characterise the cardiac electrophysiological parameters of control and Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic HDC-KO mice comparing with those of wild type animals. Results: With aging, blood glucose levels in HDC-KO mice were shifted towards values characteristic of diabetes. The electrophysiological changes relevant to diabetes i.e. prolongation of repolarization and depression of V max developed without any induction with STZ. In this group STZ treatment caused no further significant AP changes. Conclusions: One of the likely explanations may be that in the chain of events in HDC-KO mice on the one hand and in Streptozotocin-induced diabetes on the other hand, leading to the alterations in the heart electrophysiological parameters, there is a common link. This link may be a similar shift in the expression/function of certain K+ channel populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-158
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Fingerprint

Histidine Decarboxylase
Papillary Muscles
Knockout Mice
Streptozocin
Action Potentials
Glutamate Decarboxylase
Wild Animals
Glucose Intolerance
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus
Microelectrodes
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Autoantibodies
Histamine
Blood Glucose
Population

Keywords

  • APD
  • Diabetes
  • Heart electrophysiological parameters
  • Histidine decarboxylase knockout mice
  • V

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Electrophysiological characteristics of heart ventricular papillary muscles in diabetic histidine decarboxylase knockout and wild-type mice",
abstract = "Objective: The diabetes-induced action potential (AP) abnormalities have been studied mainly in rats where significant prolongation of repolarization and reduced maximum rate of depolarization (V max) was detected. Histidine decarboxylase knockout (HDC-KO) mice lack endogenous histamine and they are characterized by impaired glucose tolerance. Furthermore they have autoantibodies reactive to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). These findings suggested that this model might have an increased susceptibility to autoimmune diabetes. Materials and methods: Standard microelectrode technique was used to characterise the cardiac electrophysiological parameters of control and Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic HDC-KO mice comparing with those of wild type animals. Results: With aging, blood glucose levels in HDC-KO mice were shifted towards values characteristic of diabetes. The electrophysiological changes relevant to diabetes i.e. prolongation of repolarization and depression of V max developed without any induction with STZ. In this group STZ treatment caused no further significant AP changes. Conclusions: One of the likely explanations may be that in the chain of events in HDC-KO mice on the one hand and in Streptozotocin-induced diabetes on the other hand, leading to the alterations in the heart electrophysiological parameters, there is a common link. This link may be a similar shift in the expression/function of certain K+ channel populations.",
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AU - Falus, A.

AU - Kecskeméti, V.

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N2 - Objective: The diabetes-induced action potential (AP) abnormalities have been studied mainly in rats where significant prolongation of repolarization and reduced maximum rate of depolarization (V max) was detected. Histidine decarboxylase knockout (HDC-KO) mice lack endogenous histamine and they are characterized by impaired glucose tolerance. Furthermore they have autoantibodies reactive to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). These findings suggested that this model might have an increased susceptibility to autoimmune diabetes. Materials and methods: Standard microelectrode technique was used to characterise the cardiac electrophysiological parameters of control and Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic HDC-KO mice comparing with those of wild type animals. Results: With aging, blood glucose levels in HDC-KO mice were shifted towards values characteristic of diabetes. The electrophysiological changes relevant to diabetes i.e. prolongation of repolarization and depression of V max developed without any induction with STZ. In this group STZ treatment caused no further significant AP changes. Conclusions: One of the likely explanations may be that in the chain of events in HDC-KO mice on the one hand and in Streptozotocin-induced diabetes on the other hand, leading to the alterations in the heart electrophysiological parameters, there is a common link. This link may be a similar shift in the expression/function of certain K+ channel populations.

AB - Objective: The diabetes-induced action potential (AP) abnormalities have been studied mainly in rats where significant prolongation of repolarization and reduced maximum rate of depolarization (V max) was detected. Histidine decarboxylase knockout (HDC-KO) mice lack endogenous histamine and they are characterized by impaired glucose tolerance. Furthermore they have autoantibodies reactive to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). These findings suggested that this model might have an increased susceptibility to autoimmune diabetes. Materials and methods: Standard microelectrode technique was used to characterise the cardiac electrophysiological parameters of control and Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic HDC-KO mice comparing with those of wild type animals. Results: With aging, blood glucose levels in HDC-KO mice were shifted towards values characteristic of diabetes. The electrophysiological changes relevant to diabetes i.e. prolongation of repolarization and depression of V max developed without any induction with STZ. In this group STZ treatment caused no further significant AP changes. Conclusions: One of the likely explanations may be that in the chain of events in HDC-KO mice on the one hand and in Streptozotocin-induced diabetes on the other hand, leading to the alterations in the heart electrophysiological parameters, there is a common link. This link may be a similar shift in the expression/function of certain K+ channel populations.

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