Electrophysiological alterations in a complex rat model of schizophrenia

G. Horváth, Zita Petrovszki, G. Kékesi, Gabor Tuboly, Balazs Bodosi, Janos Horvath, Peter Gombköto, G. Benedek, A. Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Psychiatric disorders are frequently accompanied by changes in brain electrical oscillations and abnormal auditory event related potentials. The goal of this study was to characterize these parameters of a new rat substrain showing several alterations related to schizophrenia. Methods: Male rats of the new substrain, developed by selective breeding after combined subchronic ketamine treatment and postweaning social isolation, and naive Wistar ones group-housed without any interventions were involved in the present study. At the age of 3 months, animals were implanted with cortical electroencephalography electrodes. Auditory evoked potentials during paired-click stimuli and power of oscillation in different frequency bands were determined with and without acute ketamine (20 mg/kg) treatment. Results: Regarding the auditory evoked potentials, the latency of P2 was delayed and the amplitude of N1 peak was lower in the new substrain. The new substrain showed increased power of oscillations in the theta, alpha and beta bands, while decreased power was detected in delta and gamma2 bands (52-70 Hz) compared with control animals. Acute ketamine treatment increased the gamma1 band (30-48 Hz) power in both groups, while it elicited significant changes only in the new substrain in the total power and in alpha, beta and gamma2 bands. Conclusions: The validation of the translational utility of this new rat substrain by electrophysiological investigations revealed that these rats show abnormalities that may model a part of the neurophysiological deficits observed in schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume307
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Schizophrenia
Ketamine
Auditory Evoked Potentials
Social Isolation
Evoked Potentials
Psychiatry
Electroencephalography
Electrodes
Therapeutics
Power (Psychology)
Brain

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Event related potentials
  • Neuronal oscillation
  • Power spectrum analysis
  • Rat model
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Electrophysiological alterations in a complex rat model of schizophrenia. / Horváth, G.; Petrovszki, Zita; Kékesi, G.; Tuboly, Gabor; Bodosi, Balazs; Horvath, Janos; Gombköto, Peter; Benedek, G.; Nagy, A.

In: Behavioural Brain Research, Vol. 307, 01.07.2016, p. 65-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Horváth, G. ; Petrovszki, Zita ; Kékesi, G. ; Tuboly, Gabor ; Bodosi, Balazs ; Horvath, Janos ; Gombköto, Peter ; Benedek, G. ; Nagy, A. / Electrophysiological alterations in a complex rat model of schizophrenia. In: Behavioural Brain Research. 2016 ; Vol. 307. pp. 65-72.
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