Electron Diffraction Theory and Methods

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Gas-phase electron diffraction is one of the principal techniques of molecular structure determination. A beam of fast electrons is scattered on a molecular beam in the experiment, and the resulting interference pattern is determined by the charge distribution of the molecule. The molecular component of the total electron scattering intensities is extracted from them and, aided by model building, the molecular parameters are determined from the molecular intensities. Fourier transformation of the molecular intensities leads to the so-called radial distribution, which is the probability density distribution of the internuclear distances in the molecule. The results of the structure determination appear as average internuclear distances or, in terms of internal coordinates, as bond lengths, bond angles, and angles of torsion. Gas-phase electron diffraction is an efficient tool of conformational analysis, yielding the geometries of the conformers and their relative abundances. In the best cases, the gas-phase electron diffraction technique yields precisions of a few tenths of a picometer for bond lengths, a few tenths of a degree for bond angles, and a few degrees for angles of torsion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages461-465
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780123744135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Electron diffraction
Gases
Bond length
Electrons
Torsional stress
Molecules
Molecular beams
Electron scattering
Charge distribution
Molecular structure
Molecular Models
Molecular Structure
Geometry
Experiments

Keywords

  • Average structure
  • Electron diffraction
  • Equilibrium structure
  • Fourier transform
  • Gas-phase molecular intensities
  • Radial distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Hargittai, I., & Hargittai, M. (2010). Electron Diffraction Theory and Methods. In Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry (pp. 461-465). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374413-5.00036-1

Electron Diffraction Theory and Methods. / Hargittai, I.; Hargittai, M.

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry. Elsevier Ltd, 2010. p. 461-465.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Hargittai, I & Hargittai, M 2010, Electron Diffraction Theory and Methods. in Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry. Elsevier Ltd, pp. 461-465. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374413-5.00036-1
Hargittai I, Hargittai M. Electron Diffraction Theory and Methods. In Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry. Elsevier Ltd. 2010. p. 461-465 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374413-5.00036-1
Hargittai, I. ; Hargittai, M. / Electron Diffraction Theory and Methods. Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry. Elsevier Ltd, 2010. pp. 461-465
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