Electron and chemical ionization mass spectrometry in stereochemical differentiation of some 1,3‐amino alcohols

Tuula Partanen, Pirjo Vainiotalo, G. Stájer, G. Bernáth, Kalevi Pihlaja

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Abstract

Mass spectral fragmentations of two cyclopentane, eight cyclohexane and four norbornane/one 1,3‐amino alcohols were studied under electron ionization (EI) by low‐resolution, high‐resolution, metastable ion analysis and collision‐induced dissociation (CID) techniques. All stereoisomeric compounds gave rise to identical 70 eV EI mass spectra. However, the spectra of positional isomers clearly differed. The main fragmentation pathway for the saturated compounds began as an α‐cleavage reaction with respect to the nitrogen atom. For the norbornene compounds a retro‐Diels—Alder reaction was favoured. Relative to the aminomethyl‐substituted compounds the fragmentation patterns for the compounds having the amino group connected directly to the ring were more complicated. The chemical ionization (CI) mass spectra were recorded using ammonia, isobutane, methane, dichloromethane and acetone as reagent gas. From the norbornane/One compounds the di‐exo isomers decomposed more easily than the di‐endo isomers with most of the reagent gases used. Differences between stereoisomers were observed directly only under methane CI. The decomposition products of the [M + H]+ ions generated under ammonia and isobutane CI were studies by recording their CID mass spectra. These spectra allowed the differentiation of the stereoisomers, at least to some extent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-132
Number of pages7
JournalOrganic Mass Spectrometry
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Instrumentation

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