Objective To determine the diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of electromagnetic source imaging (EMSI) in presurgical evaluation of patients with epilepsy.MethodsWe prospectively recorded magnetoencephalography (MEG) simultaneously with EEG and performed EMSI, comprising electric source imaging, magnetic source imaging, and analysis of combined MEG-EEG datasets, using 2 different software packages. As reference standard for irritative zone (IZ) and seizure onset zone (SOZ), we used intracranial recordings and for localization accuracy, outcome 1 year after operation.ResultsWe included 141 consecutive patients. EMSI showed localized epileptiform discharges in 94 patients (67%). Most of the epileptiform discharge clusters (72%) were identified by both modalities, 15% only by EEG, and 14% only by MEG. Agreement was substantial between inverse solutions and moderate between software packages. EMSI provided new information that changed the management plan in 34% of the patients, and these changes were useful in 80%. Depending on the method, EMSI had a concordance of 53% to 89% with IZ and 35% to 73% with SOZ. Localization accuracy of EMSI was between 44% and 57%, which was not significantly different from MRI (49%-76%) and PET (54%-85%). Combined EMSI achieved significantly higher odds ratio compared to electric source imaging and magnetic source imaging.ConclusionEMSI has accuracy similar to established imaging methods and provides clinically useful, new information in 34% of the patients.Classification of evidenceThis study provides Class IV evidence that EMSI had a concordance of 53%-89% and 35%-73% (depending on analysis) for the localization of epileptic focus as compared with intracranial recordings - IZ and SOZ, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology