Electrolyte diffusion at very low concentrations in ionized water

Pentti Passiniemi, Simo Liukkonen, Z. Noszticzius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The diffusional behaviour of an electrolyte Mν + Xν- in water is studied up to concentrations where the effect of the ionization must be taken into account. The mutual diffusion in this system changes due to the dissociation of water under the decreasing electrolyte concentration, first to multicomponent diffusion and then, at concentrations <10-8 mol dm-3, to tracer diffusions of the electrolyte ions. By applying Nernst-Planck equations the approximate values of the proper difiusion coefficients are calculated. These rather simple calculations confirm the phenomena which were observed experimentally by Mills at low concentrations in the system H2O + MgBr2 at 298.15 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2552-2557
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical chemistry in Condensed Phases
Volume76
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1980

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Electrolytes
low concentrations
electrolytes
Water
water
Ionization
tracers
dissociation
Ions
ionization
coefficients
ions
magnesium bromide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Electrolyte diffusion at very low concentrations in ionized water. / Passiniemi, Pentti; Liukkonen, Simo; Noszticzius, Z.

In: Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical chemistry in Condensed Phases, Vol. 76, 1980, p. 2552-2557.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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