Electrogram analysis at the His bundle region and the proximal coronary sinus as a tool to predict left atrial origin of focal atrial tachycardias

Vassil Borislavov Traykov, Róbert Pap, Tchavdar Nikolov Shalganov, Gábor Bencsik, Attila Makai, Rodrigo Gallardo, Gergely Klausz, Tamás Forster, László Sághy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Early activation at the His bundle (HB) region or proximal coronary sinus (CS) during focal atrial tachycardias (FATs) often necessitates biatrial mapping. Analysis of CS electrograms (EGMs) consisting of a near-field (N) component from CS musculature and a far-field (F) component from left atrial (LA) myocardium can uncover LA activation preceding right atrial (RA) activation. A similar pattern might be observed at the HB. Methods and results: Eight patients underwent RA and LA pacing testing the hypothesis that N and F components originating from the RA and LA septum are present in the HB atrial EGM (Pacing group). In this group N preceded F (N-F sequence) in all, while F preceded N (F-N sequence) in seven of eight patients during RA and LA pacing, respectively. Twenty-seven patients with FAT demonstrating earliest activation at the HB or proximal CS during limited RA mapping were also studied (FAT group). Two observers analysed the EGMs at the earliest site during FAT. They found an N-F sequence in 17 (94%) and 16 (89%) of 18 RA FAT and an F-N sequence in seven (78%) and eight (89%) of nine LA FAT, respectively. The F-N sequence predicted the need for LA access with a sensitivity of 78 and 89% and a specificity of 94 and 89%. Conclusion: Near-field and F components from RA and LA activation can be identified in the HB atrial EGM. Earliest atrial EGM analysis at the HB or CS can predict the need for LA access during FAT ablation. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1022-1027
Number of pages6
JournalEuropace
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2011

Keywords

  • Catheter ablation
  • Coronary sinus musculature
  • Electrogram analysis
  • Focal atrial tachycardia
  • His bundle
  • Septal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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