In a child with hydranencephaly and refractory seizures, the electroencephalogram showed a flat isoelectric pattern with no significant slow waves or epileptiform activity; cranial computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, Doppler vascular scanning, and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were done to define the pathogenesis of the seizures. The investigations were suggestive of a lack of significant cortical, subcortical, or thalamic structures with hypoplasia of the vermis and cerebellum. SPECT showed little activity in the base of the brain and cerebellum. The cause of the seizures remained unclear in spite of the investigations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology