Eicosanoid production by Candida parapsilosis and other pathogenic yeasts

Tanmoy Chakraborty, Renáta Tóth, A. Gácser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Eicosanoids are bioactive lipid mediators generated in almost all mammalian cells from the oxidation of arachidonic acid and other related twenty-carbon polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Eicosanoids regulate various physiological functions, including cellular homoeostasis and modulation of inflammatory responses in mammals. The mode of action of these lipid mediators depend on their binding to different G-protein coupled receptors. The three main enzymatic pathways associated with their production are the COX pathway, LOX pathway and cytochrome P450 pathway. Interestingly, investigations have also revealed that several human pathogenic fungi are capable of producing these bioactive lipid mediators; however, the exact biosynthetic pathways and their function in pathogenicity are not yet extensively characterized. The aim of the current review is to summarize the recent discoveries pertaining to eicosanoid production by human pathogenic yeasts with a special focus on the opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida parapsilosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalVirulence
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Eicosanoids
Candida
Yeasts
Lipids
Biosynthetic Pathways
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Arachidonic Acid
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Virulence
Mammals
Homeostasis
Fungi
Carbon

Keywords

  • Candida parapsilosis
  • fungal eicosanoids
  • pathogenic yeast
  • virulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Eicosanoid production by Candida parapsilosis and other pathogenic yeasts. / Chakraborty, Tanmoy; Tóth, Renáta; Gácser, A.

In: Virulence, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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