Introduction: In everyday medical practice, physicians often need to manage patients whose blood pressure is not well controlled. Those with a history of cerebrovascular disease are a high-risk group in need of rapid blood pressure control. Methods: The PICASSO study was a real-life, observational trial involving 9257 inadequately treated hypertensive patients who were switched from previous therapy to the fixed-dose combination of perindopril 10 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg (PI) for 3 months. A subanalysis of data of 1117 hypertensive patients who met the clinical criteria of previous stroke or transient ischemic attack was performed. Twenty-four hour ambulatory blood pressure measurements (ABPMs) were also done in a small group of patients (n:38). Results: At baseline, mean systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) was 161.5 ± 15.2/93.1 ± 9.9 mmHg. After 1 month with the fixed dose of PI, average office SBP/DBP decreased to 140.0 ± 11.9/83.5 ± 7.7 mmHg. After 3 months, SBP/DBP had dropped to 132.9 ± 9.8/80.0 ± 6.2 mmHg, by 28.6 ± 15.5/13.1 ± 10.0 mmHg (p < 0.001). Blood pressure control rate (< 140/90 mmHg) was 67.3% after 3 months. When data were stratified by baseline blood pressure, decreases in SBP/DBP were statistically significant in patients with all grades (1–3) of hypertension. In patients previously treated with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ± hydrochlorothiazide (n = 677), blood pressure decreased by 29.8 ± 15.5/13.3 ± 10.2 mmHg (p < 0.001). Decreases in 24-h ABPM values were also significant (n = 38). Treatment was well tolerated; only a few adverse events were recorded. Conclusion: This study suggests that fixed combination perindopril 10 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for patients with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack. Funding: EGIS Pharmaceuticals Plc.
- Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
- Combination treatment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)