Efficacy and tolerability of fixed-dose combination of perindopril/ indapamide in type 2 diabetes mellitus: PICASSO trial

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Background: Hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) synergistically deteriorate the vascular environment, making blood pressure reduction challenging, and substantially increasing cardiovascular risk. Methods: In the real-life, open-label, observational, PICASSO study, 9,257 hypertensive patients unsuccessfully treated with antihypertensives were switched to fixed-dose combination of perindopril 10 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg. In this subgroup analysis, we analyzed changes in blood pressure and laboratory parameters of 2,762 hypertensive patients with T2DM or pre-diabetes. Results: After 3 months of treatment, significant decreases in office blood pressure were noted in the whole cohort (-27.0 ± 14.8/-12.7 ± 9.8 mmHg; p < 0.001). Significant decreases were also recorded in patients with grade 1 hypertension (19.2 ± 10.0/-9.4 ± 7.9 mmHg), grade 2 (29.2 ± 10.9/-13.3 ± 8.7 mmHg) and grade 3 (-45.1 ± 15.4/-21.5 ± 11.2 mmHg). Significant decreases in ambulatory blood pressure were also noted (n = 93). In patients previously treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ± hydrochlorothiazide or angiotensin receptor blocker ± hydrochlorothiazide, mean 24-h blood pressure decreased by 23.4 ± 13.9/11.5 ± 9.7 and 22.3 ± 8.7/10.4 ± 13.2 mmHg, respectively (p < 0.001). Treatment was well tolerated and the switch to treatment with perindopril/indapamide was associated with improvements in laboratory parameters. Conclusions: Data from this diabetes subgroup analysis suggest that fixed combination of perindopril 10 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg should be routinely considered for the treatment of hypertension in diabetic patients who are unsuccessfully managed with other antihypertensive medications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-344
Number of pages12
JournalAdvances in Therapy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


  • Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • Combination treatment
  • Hypertension
  • Indapamide
  • Perindopril
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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